Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) result in a variety of impairments leading to varying degrees in severity. There are approximately 1.7 million TBIs each year. Brain injuries may present as a concussion or lead to someone being in a coma. Depending on the severity, associated signs and symptoms can vary greatly.
Concussions may result in dizziness, neck pain, difficulty focusing, headaches, or light sensitivity. Symptoms can potentially last for months if not addressed. With the use of manual therapy, gaze stabilization, progressive and grading of exercise, and balance, a person can return to their prior level of function in a timely manner.
More moderate and severe brain injuries may result in more significant impairments such as weakness, personality changes, balance deficits, impaired ability to walk, or cognitive deficits. Individuals may require assistance reintegrating into society or back to work. No matter the level of function following a brain injury, individuals can still see improvements varying from ability to get out of bed, walk, work, or perform self care tasks. If one requires increased assistance at home, family can be trained appropriately on how to assist safely and effectively. Preventing future decline and secondary complications is a lifelong adjustment to promote a healthy lifestyle.